Notes on Numbers 28:16 – 25 (Pesach)

Photo of handmade Shmura Matzo used at Passover seder. Photo taken on April 12 2006 by Yoninah.

Photo of handmade Shmura Matzo used at Passover seder. Photo by Yoninah.

From the Desk of Moreh ha’Tzedek


I pray that everyone is having a blessed Pesach.

Part of our reading for today consists of Numbers 28:16 – 25.

28:16 “‘In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, is YHWH’s Passover.

After the Biblical calendar was changed, along with names of the months, the “first month” became the seventh month from Rosh Hashanah.

28:17 On the fifteenth day of this month shall be a feast: seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten. 28:18 In the first day shall be a holy convocation: you shall do no servile work; 28:19 but you shall offer an offering made by fire, a burnt offering to YHWH: two young bulls, and one ram, and seven male lambs a year old; they shall be to you without blemish; 28:20 and their meal offering, fine flour mixed with oil: you shall offer three tenth parts for a bull, and two tenth parts for the ram.

The B’nai Yisrael are given clear instructions on the dates and the types of offerings that are to be made.

28:21 You shall offer a tenth part for every lamb of the seven lambs; 28:22 and one male goat for a sin offering, to make atonement for you. 28:23 You shall offer these besides the burnt offering of the morning, which is for a continual burnt offering. 28:24 After this manner you shall offer daily, for seven days, the food of the offering made by fire, of a pleasant aroma to YHWH: it shall be offered besides the continual burnt offering, and the drink offering of it.

Again, YHWH provides His people with His instructions, which should leave no questions in the mind of the B’nai Yisrael. These are not mere human regulations concerning the offerings and their times, but are divine ordinances set forth by God Himself.

28:25 On the seventh day you shall have a holy convocation: you shall do no servile work.

Any “servile work” would include any activities forbidden during the holy Shabbat, anything that is not already a requirement towards one’s self or family. During Shabbat one is permitted to take care of bathing, dressing, eating, feeding animals and any emergencies that may arise.

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